Definitions of key terms and words used used by the FAIRWAY project and in this website.

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Biocontrol Agents


Birds Directive

BedrijfsWaterWijzer (BWW)

(Farm Water Management Guide) indicates risks on 7 main water management aspects for specific dairy farms and suggests measures for improvement. The aspects are 1) runoff form the farmyard, 2) water retention in the soil (draught prevention), 3) wetness (damage crops), 4) NO3 leaching to groundwater, 5) runoff and drainage of N & P to local surface waters, 6) drinking water for cattle and 7) management of local surface waters (ditches) and recycling of grass clippings and dredging. The indicated risks are scored in a qualitative way (Good, Moderate, Insufficient, bad). BWW can support farmers to evaluate the effect of measures and, although not directly, indicates measures to improve the water related risks. Country of use: NL.


Online meteorological data on precipitation and field data are processed to give irrigation requirements for individual fields. Recommendations on optimal rates prevent excess irrigation which could enhance leaching and facilitates preservation of the optimal level of water content in soil, resulting in higher N uptake and better utilization of fertilizer N. Country of use: NL.


A groundwater chemical management and forecasting DST intended to assist the municipality and water works by providing an overview (screening) of the concentrations of nitrate and pesticides in the groundwater. Additionally, it can be used to monitor/follow the state and trends in the groundwater quality. Country of use: DK.


A consistent and comprehensive evaluation method of visual observations on sod density (sprouts per cm2), botanical composition of grass sod, soil density, biological activity, abundance of macro fauna, rooting depth. Optionally also chemical quality of the grass and maize silage. This supports farmers to indicate soil problems. Country of use: NL.

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