Glossary

Definitions of key terms and words used used by the FAIRWAY project and in this website.


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SCIMAP

A tool to help decision-makers, including governments, non-governmental organisations, land owners etc. to work out where to prioritise activities that protect the water environment, and so make our water clean again. SCIMAP is an approach to the generation of risk maps for diffuse pollution within catchments. SCIMAP aims to determine where within a catchment is the most probable source of diffuse pollution and is based on a probabilistic/relative approach. Country of use: UK.


Sentinel Online

Allows anyone with an interest in crop production to quickly find the information required to make key decisions in crop management. Features include: The Pesticide Database; Library; Decision support including crop nutrition, NVZ rules and recommendations; Technical updates; Weeds, pests and disease identification information; Diary Dates i.e. cross compliance dates and deadlines. Country of use: UK.


SIRIS

Allows pesticides to be classified according to their potential to reach surface water and groundwater. SIRIS allows classification of pesticides into the ‘ideal’ and the ‘worst’ for use on the farm/field. It can help a farmer to select the best one according environment parameters. Additionally, SIRIS-Pesticides can help to organize the monitoring of pesticides in waters at the regional or local scale (as set by the user). The results of SIRIS are rankings that represent risks. Country of use: FR.


Skifteplan

The most commonly used farm level DST for fertiliser application (N and P) on agricultural fields in Norway. Calculates optimal fertilization rates, to avoid excess N and P in soils and runoff. Also used to keep track of what is grown on the fields year by year and what other treatments/measures implemented; plant protection, soil cultivation, etc. Used by farmers and agricultural advisers. Country of use: NO.


Smernice za strokovno gnojenje (SSG/GPBF)

Guidelines for professional based fertilisation. A collection of fertiliser use instructions based on experience, plant development observations, and chemical analyses of soil and plant parts. The guidelines are in line with the regulations and requirements for the quality of crops and the preservation of a clean environment. Intented to set a broader framework that is not based solely on political decisions or fashion trends, but on rational expert findings. Country of use: SI.


State network of groundwater monitoring points (SNGMP)

Policy makers and water managers (Ministry, Environmental Agency) make decisions based on the state approved water quality monitoring network. Measured values and their trends over the years serve as one of the base indicators for introducing new measures or of the success of previously introduced measures. The temporal scale of state monitoring is once or twice per year. Monthly, daily or weekly monitoring (depending on conditions) is performed by drinking water suppliers (water companies). Country of use: SI.


STONE

This integrated modeling system calculates nutrient emissions to water from agriculture and nature land areas in the Netherlands. It is designed and used for evluation at national and regional level of the effects of fertilizer policy measures for runoff and leaching of N and P to ground water and surface waters. The coupled model SWAP-Animo in STONE can distinguish the processes and sources that determine runoff and leaching to water (fertiizer use, atmospheric deposition, seepage, mineralization). This output is used by regional and national policy makers to initiate effective measures, allocate source reduction targets and underpin (semi) natural background levels in catchments of surface water bodies. Country of use: NL.



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